How to prepare for winter trek

Common man thinks that cold in winter is unbearable. Even a fierce winter is bearable if you are well prepared. Clothing is the winter camper’s most important gear consideration. Your comfort, enjoyment, and fundamental safety all depend on your clothing “system”. A multi-layer system that is flexible and used in combinations that allows you to adapt efficiently to many environmental situations. For a temperature that goes down to -10°C or lower, the suggestion is to be in 5 – 6 layers. As the mercury level rises subsequently one can remove outer layers. But never strip off to less than 4 layers.
A six layer combination is normally suggested clothing for -15°C temperature. Winter is the coldest season of the year in Himalayan regions , between autumn and spring.
Those who like to do a winter trek are normally worried about how to prepare for the extreme cold conditions and how to overcome it. Vishwanath over a decade of his experience talks about how to face the snowy conditions and how to take care of oneself.
The question is what are the layers that you need
1 Thermal inner
2 T-shirts full arm.
1 Fleece Jacket
1 Wollen Sweater
1 Goose Down jacket 600, 800 and 1000

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 Few brands like Rab Neutrino endurance Jacket , Patagonia Encapsil Down ,G 2 Valandre  Down Jacket are available.
 Depending on the comfort level Individual can try the permutations and combinations.
 For legs, one thermal inner, with two synthetic wear/fleece pants is usually more than  enough to tackle the cold.
 But what needs more protection are your head, fingers, toes, ears and nose. You need to  see that they stay warm and dry most times. This is what you need:

1 Balaclava or Monkey Cap
1 water proof gloves with insulation
2 pairs of thick woolen socks
1 wind stopper balaclava
1 Scarf

A scarf, also known as a Kremer, muffler or neck-wrap, is a piece of fabric worn around the neck, or near the head or around the waist for warmth. A scarf is something a lot of people neglect to carry, but is a useful. A scarf can protect your neck, your nose or work as an extra glove. This multi-utility gear is a must for a winter trek.
If during the day when the sun is out and in harsh sunlight, you are trekking, it actually gets very warm with the layers of clothes you have on.It makes you sweat so it is better to remove layers depending on the warmth.Better to stick to synthetic full arm synthetic t – shirt which protects skin from sun burn too and retain water content in skin.

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 Sunglasses are an easy solution that makes life more comfortable when outdoors, while also providing critical protection from the sun’s damaging ultraviolet (UV) rays.Long-term exposure to UV rays can damage the eye’s surface as well as its internal structures, sometimes contributing to cataracts (clouding of the lens) and macular degeneration (breakdown of the macula). Always choose sunglasses that are labeled as blocking 99-100% of UV rays. Some manufacturers’ labels say "UV absorption up to 400nm." This is the same thing as 100% UV absorption.
Wraparounds offer added protection. Sunglasses that wrap around the temples prevent the sun’s rays from entering from the sides


Shoes
The most important thing to keep in mind is your shoes. You need a shoe that protects your ankle and gives you grip on snow. Always wear and try and then buy it.If you are confident with size then order online. Normally shoes are available in UK , US and Euro sizes.
* The common rule for choosing trekking/backpacking boots: Take one extra size larger than your normal size.
* High-quality footwear with Gore tex material will generally fit better and last longer. It is quick dry.It's worth spending more for a quality product.
* Brands like Asolo, Vasque, La Sportiva, Scarpa , Lowa and Meindl - have good Water proof trekking boots.                                                       aso.jpg.

Winter weather can deter even the most dedicated exercisers. Aside from the usual outdoor exercises such as walking, running, short hikes try shoveling snow is an excellent total body workout.

Gaiter
It is common question asked by trekkers who going for winter trek. Snow has a way of sneaking into even the most waterproof of boots. To prevent this, put on some gaiters. Gaiters cover the vulnerable tops of your footwear to fully protect your feet from the elements.Gaiters are garments worn over the shoe and lower pants leg, and used primarily as personal protective equipment. 
     • Regular gaiters are calf high, around 15" to 18" tall. These are designed for rugged conditions such as hiking through deep snow.
    • Gore-Tex®: This well-known laminate provides superior waterproof, windproof protection and  breathability. It's ideal for tromping through wet snowy conditions.

Gaiter

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Gaiter Tips
Get a snug fit: Most gaiter styles come in sizes, which are aligned with a range of boot sizes. When you try on gaiters, adjust the straps to make sure the fit is snug. Your goal is to achieve the best possible seal around your boots. Wear low gaiters under your rain pants: This creates the most waterproof seal.
Go armed with the all the necessary gear for winter trek without fail or else you end up spending nights in cold without sleeping.

 

 

 

Vishwanath Radhakrishna

Summiters was founded  by Vishwanath in the year 2005.  Being an avid nature enthusiast he started this concern as a freelancer and also helped a lot of fellow enthusiasts.  He is a certified Mountaineer  from Nehru institute of mountaineering and trained Wilderness First Responder  from NOLS ; USA.  He conducts wilderness camps in Western ghats , Himalayas and also locally.  He has custom designed  and executed various outdoor based learning activities at school, colleges and corporate levels.  In addition to these, he is a trained passionate PADI scuba diver, a  freelance writer and photographer. His  articles and photographs have been published  in several mainstream news papers and magazines.  He participates at National, International level photo salons and has won several certificate's of merit.

Vishwanath maintains his blogs at: http://.vishwanath.summiters.net/

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